Chirac, Jacques

Chirac, Jacques
(b. 1932- )
   statesman, president
   Born in Paris, Jacques Chirac studied at the Institut d'études politiques (1956) and, after military service, at the École nationale d'administration (1959). In 1962, he joined the staff of georges pompidou and, in 1972, became minister of agriculture and rural development. In 1974, when valéry Giscard d'es-taing became president, Chirac was appointed prime minister. He also became secretary-general of the conservative uDR (union des Démocrates pour la République), but after continuing differences with Giscard, he resigned as premier in 1976. He then became president of the uDR, which he reorganized into the neo-Gaullist party, RPR (Rassemblement pour la République). In 1977, he was elected mayor of Paris, a position he held until 1995. Chirac lost his first run for president of France to François Mitterrand in 1981, but in 1986 he was appointed prime minister under the policy of agreement known as "cohabitation." In 1998, he lost again to Mitterrand in the presidential election, but would win that office in the 1995 vote by 53 percent. As president, Chirac focused on domestic issues, such as unemployment, taxes, reform of the educational system, and development of a volunteer army. In foreign policy, he continued Mitterrand's move toward European integration and a single currency, and stood for an independent and leading role for France and Europe in international affairs.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Chirac, Jacques — ▪ president of France in full  Jacques René Chirac  born November 29, 1932, Paris, France    French politician, who served as the country s president (1995–2007) and prime minister (1974–76, 1986–88).       Chirac, the son of a bank employee,… …   Universalium

  • Chirac, Jacques — ► (n. 1932) Político francés. Fue primer ministro en 1974. Fue elegido alcalde de París en 1977. De 1986 a 1988 fue primer ministro impulsando una política de «cohabitación» con el presidente socialista F. Miterrand. En 1995 fue elegido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chirac,Jacques — Chi·rac (shē räkʹ), Jacques. Born 1932. French politician who was elected president in 1995. He also served as mayor of Paris (1977 1995) and prime minister (1974 1976 and 1986 1988). * * * …   Universalium

  • Chirac, Jacques Rene — ▪ 1996       On his third attempt to win the French presidency, Mayor Jacques Chirac of Paris at last succeeded in May 1995. First topping his friend and fellow Gaullist Prime Minister Édouard Balladur, Chirac then was pitted against the… …   Universalium

  • Chirac, Jacques (René) — born Nov. 29, 1932, Paris, France President of France (from 1995). In 1967 he was elected to the National Assembly as a Gaullist. As prime minister (1974–76), he resigned over differences with Valéry Giscard d Estaing and formed a neo Gaullist… …   Universalium

  • Chirac, Jacques (René) — (n. 29 nov. 1932, París, Francia). Presidente de Francia (desde 1995). En 1967 fue elegido a la Asamblea Nacional como gaullista. Siendo primer ministro (1974–76), renunció por diferencias con Valéry Giscard d Estaing y formó un grupo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Chirac — Jacques Chirac « Chirac » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Chirac (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-René Chirac — Jacques Chirac « Chirac » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Chirac (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

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